Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh on May 22, 1859, into a large family with ancient historical roots. His education took place at home until he was sent away to a Jesuit school at the age of nine. He studied medicine at Edinburgh from 1876 to 1881. While at University and after, he took positions as shipâ€™s doctor on voyages to Africa and the Artic.
After completing his education, Doyle set up his own medical practice, and wrote in his spare time. His famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, was created and made his first appearance in A Study in Scarlet, published in 1887. He then wrote a long historical named called Micah Clarke, published in 1889, before returning to Sherlock Holmes with The Sign of Four.
When the Strand magazine was created in 1891, Doyle saw it as an opportunity to revive Holmes for a series of shorter adventures. However, although the mysteries brought him success, Doyle was drawn to more serious writing and resolved to kill Sherlock Holmes. He attempted to do so in December of 1893 with The Final Problem, and afterwards wrote many other novels in various genres, but the public outcry caused him to eventually resurrect the detective for further cases. His stories were the forerunner of the great Golden Age of mystery in the 20â€™s and 30â€™s.
In his later life, Doyle became a strong supporter of the spiritualist movement, and was involved with the famous Cottingley Fairy photographs. He died on July 7, 1930.